The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction
A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that
- The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
- Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
- There may be abruptly increased craving. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Sometimes, the user might have GI symptoms, like constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
- Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
- Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
- Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
- Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
- Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
- Dealing with problems - they always have the belief that they cannot handle their issues without drugs.
- Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
- Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
- Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
- Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
- Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
- Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
- Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
- Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
- Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
- Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.
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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.