How Medications Can Help Addiction Treatment
A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. These medicines helps the user to become sober. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.
These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This process is known as detox or cleansing It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.
Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.
The Former addicts face some irritating side effects during detox. Some of these are
- Intense sadness
- Pain in the muscles
Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows
- Anxiousness and irritability are usually treated using these drugs.
- Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
- Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
- It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
- Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
- Clonidine is prescribed for treating alcohol and opiate-related withdrawal symptoms; it gives relief by reducing the intense perspiring, muscle spasms, body pains and stress.
- Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. To ensure that detoxification is safe and successful, medical supervision is vital.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.
Alcohol addiction medication includes
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
- The urge to drink can be reduced.
- Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
- It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
- This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
- Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- The first drug to be approved for treatment of alcohol addiction was Disulfiram.
- Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
- To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.
Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.
Heroin And Opiate Medications
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows
- Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
- It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
- Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
- Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
- The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
- You can find out more about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
- This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
- Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
- It helps to reduce cravings.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Treatment Centres And Medical Detoxification
It is possible to detox at home. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. For the ones who are addicted to alcohol or benzos, medical detoxification is a must.
For addicts to gain the control they want, detox is needed.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.
The ones with different health problems should also look for a medical detoxification. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.
Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.
Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.